Slovakia can be easily traveled criss-cross by car in one day. The largest span from east to west is 428.8 km and the shortest 77.6 km. Total area of Slovakia is 49 036 km2. In this relatively small area there are many cultural and historical sites referring to the events that took place in Slovakia during several millennia. Skull cast GanovceSlovak territory was inhabited in prehistoric times. From this period several archaeological artifacts are preserved and placed in the national history museums in many cities of Slovakia. Havranok Celtic settlementsTo the most valuable preserved artifacts belongs a prehistoric Neanderthal skull cast from the prehistoric site of Gánovce. Prehistoric settlements were excavated in Smolenice, Čaka, Očkov, Nitriansky Hrádok; one of Celtic settlements Havránok was discovered near Liptovská Mara and many others... The territory of Slovakia was the border area of the Roman Empire, limes Romanus of the Roman Empire. Romans led several wars of conquest on the territory of today's Slovakia.
In the year 179, commander of the Roman legions Maximilianus Valerius, after winning the battle with Marcomanns, had carved an inscription dedicated to the goddess of victory on a rock reef, on which Trencin Castle was built in later centuries. Tatar raids As a result of the geographical location of Slovakia in Central Europe, raids and military incursions became frequent. The territory of Slovakia was during the centuries threatened by military incursions of Rome, Frankish Empire, the Tatars, the Turks. Despite these threats Slovaks managed to preserve their historical and national identity. Trencin CastleA vibrant Middle Ages in Slovakia (especially from the 14th century) saw the construction and ongoing refurbishment of many outstanding castles and several notable cathedrals. Throughout this period, the Slovak lands were under the Kingdom of Hungary, eventually included in the Habsburg Empire of Austria-Hungary. Velvet revolution The 20th century saw several changes in how Slovakia was ruled, for both better and for worse, with a communist regime taking control of Czechoslovakia in 1948. Although the visitor still finds influences of this totalitarian period (which ended in a nonviolent Velvet revolution in 1989), Slovakia's identity today is above all that of a thriving new market economy

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