GENERAL INFORMATION

Language Of Slovakia

The Slavic languages, also called Slavonic languages are a group of similar languages of the Slavic people. It is spoken in the most of Eastern Europe, Balkans and Central Europe. As these languages are very closely related, we understand well Czechs, Polish and other Slavic language speakers. Slovak alphabet contains 46 letters. As we use diacritic, it changes pronunciation of letters and words. The following phrases are the ones, you may use when you come to Slovakia and want to start and keep simple conversation. The Slovak language belongs to the languages which are difficult to learn. We decline the nouns and conjugate verbs. The pronunciation is the same like spelling. There are language schools in Slovakia, where you can learn our language. If you cannot find the school in your area, you may use online language courses which are available in Slovakia, too. Slovak is one branch in the Slavic language tree, though Slovaks will insist (we agree) that their language is the cleanest of them all. Regardless, it's a tough language, laced with conjugations and myriad endings, depending on the case being used. Take heart, though, more and more Slovaks speak English, German or both, and if not, the little phrase you pucker out will impress them mightily. We've included a little guide for those hardy souls who want to wrestle with the language.

Climate Of Slovakia

As a continental country in central/eastern Europe, Slovakia is a land of friendly, moderate climate. There are four distinct season rotating each year, beginning with spring in March, which is, as of June 22, followed by summer. The beginning of Slovak autumn dates to September 23rd and the four seasons are closing to the end of a cycle on December 21, which is the opening day for a three month winter season. Spring in Slovakia, as well as autumn, is a season of frequent (and rapid) weather changes, so be sure to bring your umbrellas! The main difference between spring and autumn is in temperatures and wind conditions, with the latter being slightly warmer in the beginning, but a lot windier. While spring might be beautiful in Slovakia, it is certainly not the most hospitable season of the year. Temperatures usually hover around 9° C in April, 14° C in May and 17° C in June. Early spring in Slovakian mountains may provide a last-minute opportunity to enjoy the few remaining days of winter sports season. Summers in Slovakia tend to be fairly hot, even tropical with heath waves in lowlands. The hottest month, with temperatures reaching 30° C to 35° C or slightly above in lowlands, is July. This is also a month of higher rain storm frequency. Storms in Slovakia are usually not very dangerous and without extremes, so do not expect tornadoes, floods or hurricanes. As for the temperatures in northern or mountain areas, they usually stick to 25 ° C or lower, according to the altitude.A few more details regarding the autumn season: autumns are often foggy, windy and if they happen to be so, you should expect long, continuous periods of rainfall as well. On the other hand, some early autumn seasons may resemble the summer season more. With plenty of golden sunshine and dry air periods around the turn of September/October, this is the right time to enjoy hiking and other outdoor activities.

As for winters, they may be (in the mountain areas) unforgiving, but usually do not bring massive snowfall or extremely low temperatures. Get ready for both rain and snow though. Some years tend to be freezing, but those that are not usually bring plenty of snowfall/rainfall mixture in lowlands and this may be very uncomfortable for both pedestrians and drivers. Average temperatures keep jumping between -5° C and -10° C or lower. Winter season, of course, is best to be spent skiing or doing any other winter sports. Slovakia can provide plenty of such activities in its mountain areas, which often stay sunny throughout the day, no matter what do the skies look like down in the valleys.

Population Of Slovakia

The Slovak republic is situated in the heart of Europe and its neighboring countries are Hungary, Czech Republic, Austria, Ukraine and Poland. The population of Slovak republic is over 5, 4 million people. According to the latest statistics, Slovaks form 85, 7% of the population, Hungarians makes 10, 6% and Romans 1, 6% of the population. Czechs represent 1%, Ukrainians 0,3% and Polish 0,1%.45,6 % of people live in villages and country, 54,4% of people live in the cities and towns.

Religion

The majority (62%) of Slovaks belongs to the Roman Catholic Church (i.e. Latin Rite); with the addition of a further 4% of Greek Catholics, all Catholics account for 66%. Members of other churches, including those non-registered, account for 1.1% of the population. The Eastern Orthodox Christians are mostly found in Ruthenian (Ukrainian) areas.[2] The Roman Catholic Church divides the country into 8 dioceses including 3 archdioceses. Generally about one third of church members regularly attend church services.[3] The religious situation is dramatically different from that in the neighboring Czech Republic, which is notable for its atheist or irreligious majority. Other religions practiced in Slovakia include Islam and Judaism. There were an estimated 0.2% Muslims in Slovakia in 2010. While the country had an estimated pre-World War II Jewish population of 90,000, only about 2,300 Jews remain today.

Geography

Heavily-forested, the rugged Ore Mountains dominate the central regions of Slovakia, while the Carpathian Mountains cover its northern borders with the Czech Republic and Poland. The tallest peaks are in the Tatra Mountains. The highest point is Gerlach Peak, rising to 8,743 ft. (2,665m) the mountains slope into the fertile lowlands of the Danube River plain as well as to its southeastern border with the Ukraine. Significant rivers include the Danube, Morava, Hron, Hornad and Vah. The Hron is a 298 km long tributary of the Danube and the second longest river in Slovakia. Its basin covers approximately 11% of Slovakia's territory. The lowest point of Slovakia lies near a place where the Bodrog River crosses the border with Hungary, at 308 ft (94m) above sea level. Slovakia is rich in small natural lakes, as well as reservoirs that were built in order to store water to prevent flooding or to generate electricity. And Slovakia is the only European country outside of Scandinavia to have a geyser.

Currency

Euro is an official currency in Slovakia since 1st of January 2009. Any Euro coin is valid in any country of the Euro area. Slovak Republic adopted the Euro after 16 years of using Slovak Koruna. The conversion rate was 1 EUR = 30,126 Slovak Crown. Money can be changed at most bank branches throughout the country, or at currency exchange locations (often a booth, situated at airports, larger train stations, tourist areas and most larger towns). Banks are usually open 9:00-17:00.

Political System

Forty years until the year 1989, there was a communism era in Slovakia. The velvet revolution on 17th November 1989 meant the end of communism in Czechoslovakia. Since 2004 Slovakia has been a member of European Union and NATO. Since 2009, Slovakia has been a member of Euro zone and we have had Euro currency since then. Slovakia has been a sovereign state since 1993 after the separating with Czech Republic. Slovak parliament, government and President are the main bodies of the political system. Slovakia is a safe and democratic country where you will meet nice and hospitable people. We will welcome everyone no matter what his or her religion, skin color or nationality.

Economy

Slovakia's economic freedom score is 66.4, making its economy the 57th freest in the 2014 Index. Its score has decreased by 2.3 points from last year, reflecting considerable declines in labor freedom, fiscal freedom, and business freedom that outweigh improvements in trade freedom, freedom from corruption, and investment freedom. Slovakia is ranked 26th out of 43 countries in the Europe region, and its overall score is higher than the world average.

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